Electricity is an important part of normal life and is present in every home. However, despite your familiarity, electricity is faulty, or deteriorating electrical installations have the potential to cause serious injury, fire, and damage to your home and property if it is not kept safely.
As a homeowner, you have a legal responsibility to ensure that your home’s electrical equipment and appliances are safe to use.
Most electrical accidents occur when there are faulty systems and issues with appliances such as broken plugs, damaged cables, and deteriorated equipment, as a result of misuse of systems and appliances. Many other accidents occur during electrical maintenance, particularly when the person doing the work is not aware of the dangers it may cause.
What are my legal responsibilities?
In summary, the law establishes that all owners must follow before giving rent:
- If you do decide to carry out a comprehensive renovation of your home, make sure that all electrical installations including wiring, plugs, light fixtures, and appliances are secure before new tenants move into a home.
- Make sure that all electrical installations and appliances are kept in a safe condition for the duration of the rental.
- Safety standards for electrical equipment
- Owners also have responsibilities for electrical safety under more specific legislation:
- Under the Landlord and Tenant Law of USA, homeowners must ensure that the water, gas, sanitation, and electricity facilities of the home are kept in good repair and working order.
Similarly, any new electrical installation must comply with the Construction Regulations and all electrical work carried out on domestic dwellings must comply with the requirements of the wiring regulations.
Homeowners should conduct a fire risk assessment on the home, paying particular attention to the common parts of buildings or multi-occupancy homes. After assessing the risks, they should ensure that they have a plan for managing potential hazards.
Homeowners Electrical Safety
Risk assessments are also highlighted in the Act. The goal is to assess all the hazards that may be present in a residential home to ensure that it remains a safe and healthy environment for tenants and visitors. As an owner, you should ensure that electrical installations and appliances including plugs, wiring, fire detection systems, and equipment are safe before conducting a home inspection.
The Electrical Equipment Safety Regulation states that all appliances provided as part of the rental must be safe when first supplied for use. If the home is rented to new tenants, then appliances must be rechecked for safety as this is still the first time they have been supplied to those particular tenants. The Portable Appliance Test is a good way to ensure that electrical equipment remains safe to use.
Can You Supply Electrical Appliances to Tenants?
Some owners choose to rent the unfurnished home, so it is the tenant’s responsibility to provide the electrical equipment themselves, but others will decide to include a variety of electrical appliances as part of the rental agreement. For example, you can provide tenants with an electric oven, kettle, and toaster in the kitchen, or a washing machine and dishwasher.
Regardless of the amount of equipment you supply and the size of the equipment, all homeowners have a responsibility to ensure that the appliances supplied to tenants remain safe throughout the period of use.
This means checking that the appliance is safe from the moment it is purchased and keeping it in good condition in case it is damaged or broken. It also means making sure that tenants know how to use the equipment correctly to avoid the dangers of misuse or failure.
Do you need to do electrical inspections?
As the owner, it is your duty to ensure that the electrical installations and equipment in your home are kept in safe condition at all times. Of course, you can’t expect on-premises to be checked every day for faults, but you can implement a reporting system for tenants to make sure they report any problems or damage they discover.
The Safety Regulations state that all electrical appliances must be checked for safety when they are supplied to tenants for the first time. This also refers to every time the equipment is passed on to new tenants, not just your first use.
Owners Electrical Tests
Periodic inspections are also very important for making sure that everything is find and it should be done after a certain period of time. It is also more detailed than visual checks and must be performed by a registered electrician. Your goal is to make sure that the electrical installations inside your home remain safe.
At the end of the inspection, an Electrical Condition Report is delivered by the registered electrician detailing any damage or danger you have observed. If there are problems, then the installation will be considered “unsatisfactory” and you must act to eliminate or resolve the identified risks as it falls under your proprietary responsibility.